Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989
VACCA, Claudia Patricia; NINO, Claudia Yaneth and REVEIZ, Ludovic. Restriction of antibiotic sales in pharmacies in Bogotá, Colombia: a descriptive study. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2011, vol.30, n.6, pp.586-591. ISSN 1680-5348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892011001200015.
OBJECTIVE: Describe the implementation status of a regulation prohibiting antibiotic sales without a medical prescription in pharmacies of Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using the simulated purchase technique in Bogotá pharmacies (drugstores). The sample of 263 pharmacies was calculated by stratification (chain pharmacies and independent pharmacies) with 5% accuracy and a 2% correction factor. Simple randomization was assigned in each stratum. RESULTS: Out of the total pharmacies studied, 80.3% did not comply with the regulation established for prescription sales of antibiotics. In 20.1% of the cases, the dispenser asked about the patient's age, symptoms, or both age and symptoms in order to offer other drugs or change the antibiotic. There were no inquiries about a medical history of allergy to antibiotics. In cases in which there was the intention to sell antibiotics, the generic format was most commonly offered (81.2%). Some drug dispensers made inappropriate recommendations. The locations with the highest levels of noncompliance with the regulation were also those with high rates of unmet basic needs. CONCLUSIONS: Five years after passage of a regulation to halt the unrestricted sales of antibiotics, there is minimal compliance, and dispensing does not conform to the established parameters. Pharmacy personnel do not provide the required information according to their responsibilities.
Keywords : Drug and narcotic control; antibacterial agents; drug resistance, bacterial; legislation, drug; Colombia.