Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
MANJARRES, Luz Mariela; DIAZ, Abel and CARRIQUIRY, Alicia. Association between hematopoietic nutrient intake and the origin of nutritional anemia in women of childbearing age in Colombia. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.1, pp. 68-73. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892012000100010.
OBJECTIVES: Compare the nutritional origin of anemia by sociodemographic variables and analyze its association with deficient hematopoietic nutrient intake. METHODS: The database of Colombia's 2005 National Survey of Nutritional Status was used. The data were obtained through complex representative sampling of the population and processed using SPSS v.15. Anemic women of childbearing age were selected and divided into two groups according to serum ferritin levels. Their customary hematopoietic nutrient intake and risk of deficiency were determined. The proportions of anemia types were compared by sociodemographic variables using the F-distribution, the Rao-Scott second order correction (P < 0.05). The association between the origin of the anemia and classification of the nutrient was analyzed using the odds ratio (OR). RESULTS: Sample: 595 women. Non-hypoferric anemia (67.2%) predominated, with no statistical difference by sociodemographic variable, except in the Pacific region (hypoferric anemia, 52.1%). The prevalence of deficiency in the customary intake of hematopoietic nutrients was high. There was no significant association between the deficit in consumption and the origin of the anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Non-hypoferric anemia was most common, with no difference by sociodemographic indicators except in the Pacific region. All the women were at high risk of deficiency in their customary hematopoietic nutrient intake, but a statistically significant association between the deficiency and the origin of the nutritional anemia was not observed. Programs to improve nutrient intake and a continued search for causes of nutritional anemia other than iron deficiency are justified.
Keywords : Anemia; nutritional anemias; ferritins; avitaminosis; iron deficiency; vitamin B deficiency; women's health; Colombia.