Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
MOURA, Erly C. et al. Research on chronic noncommunicable diseases in Brazil: meeting the challenges of epidemiologic transition. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.3, pp. 240-245. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892012000300009.
In Brazil, chronic noncommunicable diseases (CNCDs) are the leading cause of death and a major contributor to the national disease burden. This article describes CNCD research funded by the Ministry of Health Department of Science and Technology (DECIT) to support the production and dissemination of scientific evidence for the national health system, in accordance with the National Agenda of Priorities in Health Research, and within the context of Brazil's epidemiologic transition. Data were obtained from Ministry of Health database management systems. CNCD-related projects financed by DECIT from 2002 to 2009 were analyzed by research theme (cancer, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, CNCDs in general, and CNCD risk factors) and geographic region. In terms of funding and number of projects, the most-supported research theme was cancer, and the most-supported region was the Southeast. Project type varied widely, ranging from basic scientific studies to highly technological research and development. Results obtained included epidemiologic profiles and surveillance, cost, and quality-of-life data.
Keywords : Chronic disease; health policy; health research policy; information systems; health transition; Brazil.