Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
GUTIERREZ, Luis Alberto et al. Using evidence on violence and injury prevention for policy development and decision making in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.31, n.5, pp. 365-372. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892012000500003.
This report describes the implementation process and functional structure of the Observatory of Security and Citizen Conviviality of the Juarez Municipality (Observatorio de Seguridad y Convivencia Ciudadanas del Municipio de Juárez) in Chihuahua, Mexico, and discusses the most relevant lessons learned and main challenges in the near future. The Observatory, created in 2008, is a joint effort of the Juarez Municipal Government, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez (Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez), and the Pan American Health Organization. The Observatory's main objective is to propose strategies and public policy recommendations to prevent and control violence and injuries in the Juarez Municipality. Most key federal, state, and local agencies have joined this independent autonomous citizen-based initiative, feed the databases, and benefit from the information produced by a multisectoral, multidisciplinary approach. The Observatory contributes far more than the technical data provided and its facilitating functions. The clear results obtained in such a short time-as seen in the preliminary results of the case study on road injuries from January 2009 to July 2011-demonstrate the appropriateness of this course of action and should stimulate the creation of new observatories whenever and wherever needed. Lessons learned, as discussed here, can open the way to new endeavors, and current challenges show how much work remains to be done.
Keywords : Epidemiologic surveillance; violence; accidents; traffic; geographic information systems; border health; Mexico; United States.