Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1020-4989
CHAPARRO, M. Pia and ESTRADA, Leobardo. Mapping the nutrition transition in Peru: evidence for decentralized nutrition policies. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.3, pp. 241-244. ISSN 1020-4989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1020-49892012000900010.
The study objectives were to map the different stages of the nutrition transition for each department within Peru, and to determine the nutrition policy needs for each geographic area based on their current stage in the nutrition transition. Results show that most of the country is suffering from a double-burden of malnutrition, with high rates of stunting among children less than 5 years of age and high rates of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age. Currently, Peru has only country-wide nutrition policies, administered by the Ministry of Health, that are primarily focused on stunting prevention. This study argues for the need to have decentralized nutrition policies that vary according to what type of malnutrition is being experienced in each geographic area.
Keywords : Nutritional transition; nutrition policy; nutrition disorders; overnutrition; obesity; malnutrition; child nutrition disorders; Peru.