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Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública

On-line version ISSN 1680-5348Print version ISSN 1020-4989


FORERO-RAMIREZ, Nohora; GAMBOA, Luis F.; BEDI, Arjun  and  SPARROW, Robert. Child malnutrition and prenatal care: evidence from three Latin American countries. Rev Panam Salud Publica [online]. 2014, vol.35, n.3, pp.163-171. ISSN 1680-5348.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of prenatal care (PNC) on the level and distribution of child stunting in three Andean countries-Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru-where expanding access to such care has been an explicit policy intervention to tackle child malnutrition in utero and during early childhood. METHODS: An econometric analysis of cross-sectional Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data was conducted. The analysis included ordinary least-squares (OLS) regressions, estimates of concentration curves, and decompositions of a concentration index. RESULTS: The analysis shows that the use of PNC in Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru is only weakly associated with a reduction in the level of child malnutrition. CONCLUSIONS: Further expansion of PNC programs is unlikely to play a large role in reducing inequalities in malnutrition.

Keywords : Child nutrition disorders; prenatal care; health inequalities; stature by age; Latin America.

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