Revista Española de Salud Pública
versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727
ARIAS VARELA, César Nehemí; BOU MONTERDE, Ricardo y RAMON TORRELL, Josep Maria. Cardiovascular risk factor prevalence among a smoking population starting treatment to quit smoking. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2000, vol.74, n.2, pp. 00-00. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272000000200009.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population at large is high, nevertheless, this rate is known to a lesser degree for a smoking population. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a cohort of smokers who are starting treatment to quit smoking. METHODS: This is a descriptive study conducted on a sample of 1887 subjects (1098 males and 789 females) within the 20-80 age range. Each one of these subjects underwent a medical examination, a blood pressure check, total cholesterol, basal gylcemia testing and were measured and weighed. RESULTS: The most prevalent factor was high blood pressure (25%). The prevalence of one or more risk factors related to cigarette smoking was 36.2% (45.3% among males and 23.7% among females, the difference being statistically significant, (c2=91.4 p<0.0001). Independently of the number of factors involved, prevalence was always greater among the males. With the exception of myocardial infarct among males, the prevalence of the rest of the factors showed a significant increase with age among both males and females. Among the males, there was a percentage increase in myocardial infarct related to cigarette smoking. To the contrary, the presence of hypercholesterolemia decreased along with the increase in the amount of smoking. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of the cardiovascular risk factors among a smoking population starting treatment is major. This fact conditions the need of setting up measures for taking action to modify these factors.
Palabras llave : Quitting smoking; Tobacco; Cardiovascular risk factors; Morbidity.