Revista Española de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1135-5727
PEREZ ANDRES, Cristina; ALAMEDA CUESTA, Almudena and ALBENIZ LIZARRAGA, Carmen. The opinion of nursing students and professionals concerning nursing training in the community of Madrid, Spain: a discussion groups study. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2002, vol.76, n.5, pp. 517-530. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272002000500013.
Background: In the nursing schools, the contrast between what is taught in the classrooms and what is practiced at the health care centers usually creates a great deal of confusion on the part of the students. The objective of this research is to ascertain the opinion of the students and of the professionals at the health care centers where they are doing their training with regard there to in order to detect their problems and see what differences exist between primary and specialized care. Methods: This research was conducted throughout the first half of 2000 employing qualitative methodology, by means of four discussion groups comprised of students, former students, primary care training advisors and nursing professionals at the hospitals where the students of the school in question are doing their nursing training. The initial involvement employed was indirect. Results: The comments of the nursing students and of their training advisors with regard to the practice nursing during the diploma studies reveal dissatisfaction on the part of both of these groups. In all of the groups point out anxiety as the leading factor involved in their teaching as well as learning activities and during professional training. The lack of identification as a group of poffesionals seems to be related to the lack of recognition on the part of the others, the demand for a degree being granted for their college studies and for the setting up of specialties would contribute to their social recognition and, as a result thereof, to their identification as a professional group. Conclusions: Until a solution is provided to the anxiety which the nursing professionals feel with regard to their professional practice, which they pass on to their students during nursing training, it will not be possible to achieve a higher degree of satisfaction with nursing training experiences either on the part of the training advisors or on the part of the students.
Keywords : Job satisfaction; Nurses; Nursing, Practical; Specialties, nursing; Schools, Nursing; Occupational Health nursing; Students, nursing; Qualitative research; Anxiety; Physician-Nurse Relations; Social Identification.