Revista Española de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1135-5727
DURO MARTINEZ, Juan Carlos. The opinions of the primary care professionals of the autonomous community of Madrid concerning the work with groups: reason for being, purposes and fields of intervention. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2002, vol.76, n.5, pp. 545-559. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272002000500015.
Background: Health Education with groups is an increasingly important activity in primary care. For the purpose of contributing to the furthering thereof, this research is aimed at ascertaining the opinions of the health care professionals with regard to the group practices and particularly with regard to their reason for being, purposes and fields of intervention. Methods: From a qualitative-structural perspective, four discussion groups and four open interviews were held with general practitioners, specialists in Pediatrics, in Family and Community Medicine, Nursing and Social Work in the Primary Care Areas in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Results: The opinions of the primary care professionals regarding the groups are confined to the activities of Health Education, this being an activity subject to individual inquiry. To form groups, the professionals include arguments on the order of hierarchy, efficiency, effectiveness and personal satisfaction. The main groups regarding which the group work was done are chronic patients (hypertension and diabetes), women (pre-menopause, general malaise), school-age children and teachers, community associations and caregivers of the chronically ill. Conclusions: The majority of the primary care professionals consider the work with groups to be something on the side, the end purpose of which would be savings and, on a secondary scale, Health Education. These groups mainly regard chronic patients and women, community work being approached on a second plane.
Keywords : Health Education; Primary health care; Qualitative research; Discussion group; Open interview.