Revista Española de Salud Pública
versão impressa ISSN 1135-5727
ANDREU VAILLO, Yolanda et al. Age, Health Beliefs and Breast Cancer Screening Program Participation in Valencian Community, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2004, vol.78, n.1, pp. 65-82. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272004000100007.
Background: Age has a significant bearing on health beliefs related to participating in breast cancer screening programs. This study is aimed at analyzing the breast cancer-related beliefs and attitudes influencing screening program participation among different age groups. Methods: In a transversal study, a comparison is drawn between the health-related beliefs of a group of women participating in a screening program and a group of non-participating women, taking into account three age ranges (under age 50 (N=279), 50-60 age range (N=463), and over age 60 (N=271). Results: Some variables significantly differ between the participating and non-participating women solely in certain subgroups: perceived severity (50-60 age group: F=5,14; p<0,01); perceived benefits (under age 50: F=8,18; p<0,01; over age 60: F=4,54; p<.05); mammogram-related attitude (under age 50: F=56.67; p?.001; over age 60: F=18.42; p<0.001); professional health check-ups (under age 50: F=11.30; p<0.01) and luck or chance (under age 50:F=3.78; p<0.05; 50-60 age group: F=4.29; p<0.001). More specific beliefs, assessed by items from these scales, are also statistically significant (p<0.05), although only for certain age groups. Conclusions: Women's breast cancer prevention program participation related beliefs and/or attitudes differ in terms of their age.
Palavras-chave : Age distribution; Health belief; mammography.