Revista Española de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1135-5727
LUENGO MATOS, Setefilla and POLO DE SANTOS, Mª del Mar. Differences in the factors related to the use of mammograms among Spanish women in 1994 and 2000. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2005, vol.79, n.5, pp. 531-540. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272005000500003.
Background: The screening mammography is the most highly effective procedure for early breast cancer detection. This study is aimed at ascertaining the differences in the factors related to Spanish women 40-70 years of age having had mammograms in 1994 and 2000 and among those having had at least one mammogram within the two years prior. Method: Comparison of the results of two surveys conducted in 1994 and 2000, each on samples of women representative of Spanish women 40-70 years of age (3,218 in 1994 and 2,409 in 2000). An analysis was made of sociodemographic, sociosanitary and the women's attitude and awareness-related variables. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between 1994 and 2000, the intention of having a mammogram in the future (96% in 2000 vs. 79% in 1994) (p<0.0001). A total of 59% of the 51-65 age group had a mammogram in 2000, as compared to the 50% who had one in 1994. Conclusions: The profile of Spanish women has undergone a change from 1994 to 2000, although those women who had had a mammogram were of similar sociodemographic and sociosanitary characteristics. However, the screening is being done to a greater extent on the age 51-65 age group in 2000, and the women are showing more positive attitudes toward having a mammogram.
Keywords : Breast cancer; Mass screening; Mammography; Health knowledge, attitudes, practice.