Revista Española de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1135-5727
PLANS RUBIO, Pedro. Methodology and applicability of seroepidemiological surveys. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2009, vol.83, n.5, pp. 611-623. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272009000500003.
Seroepidemiological surveys can be defined as seroepidemiological studies carried out in population samples to investigate immunity levels against vaccinable and not vaccinable diseases. The objective of this paper is to present the methodology and applicability of serological surveys. Problems related to seroepidemiological surveys in immigrant population are also discussed. Seroepideniological surveys should be developed in representative samples of the population, determining the sample size taking into account the sample error and precision that should be obtained for population parameters. It is necessary to develop an adequate questionnaire to collect sociodemographical and medical information from all participants. Serological tests should sensitive and specific. Seroepidemiological surveys can be used assess immunity levels in different population groups, and to detect sociodemographical and medical variables associated with the immunity, vaccination and infectious diseases.
Keywords : Seroepidemiologic Studies; Health Surveys; Methods.