Revista Española de Salud Pública
On-line version ISSN 2173-9110Print version ISSN 1135-5727
ZIMMERMANN VERDEJO, Marta; GONZALEZ GOMEZ, María Fernanda and GALAN LABACA, Iñaki. Cardiovascular risk profiles by occupation in Madrid Region, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2010, vol.84, n.3, pp.293-308. ISSN 2173-9110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272010000300008.
Background: It is well known the association between cardiovascular risks and life styles. In addition, all these factors could be strongly associated with working conditions. The aim of this study was to describe the association between some cardiovascular risk factors and occupations in order to define strategies focused on health promotion at workplace. Method: 16.048 questionnaires were analysed from the Surveillance System for Non-transmissible Diseases Risk Factors (SIVFRENT) for Madrid region. The surveys of eight consecutive years (2000-2007) were aggregated and analysed. Seven risk factors for cardiovascular diseases were studied (diet, overweight, sedentary work, physical activity, alcohol and tobacco consumption and high blood pressure). An indicator of exposure was created based on these seven risk factors. The association between cardiovascular risk factors and occupations was calculated for age and gender effects adjustment. Results: Sedentary work (prevalence: 44,2%) and tobacco consumption (prevalence: 33,1%) were the most common risk factors found . To accumulate more than two cardiovascular risk factors was statistically higher in men (27,4%) than in women (15%). The highest risk was found for tree occupations: Drivers (OR:1,78; 95% CI:1,45-2,18), Administrative secretaries (OR:1,83; 95% CI:1,64-2,05) and Direction managers(OR:1,25; 95% CI:1,09-1,44). Conclusions: Drives, Secretaries and Managers seem to have a higher vulnerability for some cardiovascular risk factors.
Keywords : Occupations; Risk factors; Cardiovascular Diseases; Occupational Health.