SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.86 número2Análisis coste-efectividad del tratamiento de mantenimiento con rituximab en pacientes con linfoma folicular que responden a la terapia de inducción en primera líneaPrevención indicada del consumo problemático de drogas en adolescentes de Barcelona índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Page  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista Española de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumen

CATALINA ROMERO, Carlos et al. Prevalence of tobacco consumption among working population after the Law 42/2010, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.86, n.2, pp. 177-188. ISSN 1135-5727.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272012000200006.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the impact on tobacco consumption among working population of the Law 42/2010, which amends smoking regulations in Spain. Methods: Data were obtained from 413,473 Occupational Health check-ups, conducted between July of 2009 and June of 2011, in the Society for Prevention of a Mutual Insurance Company. We analyzed changes in the biannual percentage of smokers and the magnitude of tobacco consumption among smokers in the overall set of medical check-ups, by gender, age, occupational level (manual vs. non-manual workers), and in the specific occupational subgroup of waiters, barmen and similar workers (chi-square test). Results: In the overall set of medical check-ups, the percentage of smokers decreased by 5% (from 40.3% to 35.3%) over the period of study (p <0.001) and the group of smokers with lower daily consumption (< 10 cigarettes) became the most frequent (p <0.001). In the group of waiters, barmen and similar workers the differences in the biannual percentage of smokers did not reach statistical significance (p =0.07). In this group, smokers of < 10 cigarretes/ day also became the most common consumption group (increasing from 40.5% to 48.8%) and the percentage of 21-40 cigarretes/day decreased from 10.6% to 4% (p =0.008). Conclusions: These results suggest that the new regulation has been accompanied by a significant reduction in smoking among Spanish workers and strongly support population-level measures against tobacco consumption.

Palabras llave : Tobacco; Smoking; Prevalence; Preventive medicine; Smoking cessation; Public health; Health surveillance.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español