SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.86 número2Prevalencia de consumo de tabaco en población trabajadora tras la entrada en vigor de la Ley 42/2010Alteraciones del comportamiento. Prevalencia en las consultas de pediatría de atención primaria: Comunidad Valenciana, 2009 índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Page  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO

Compartir


Revista Española de Salud Pública

versión impresa ISSN 1135-5727

Resumen

GUITART, Anna M. et al. Indicated prevention of problematic drug consumption in adolescents of Barcelona, Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.86, n.2, pp. 189-198. ISSN 1135-5727.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272012000200007.

Background: The Drugs Advice Service (SOD in its Catalan acronym) in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) provides an Information and Guidance Program (IGP) for teenagers, and an Alternative Measures Program (AMP) targeting minors fined for consumption / possession of illegal drugs in public spaces. This study describes these programs and compares the profiles of their users. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study of 1,010 people discharged from the two SOD programs in 2008-10 after screening for psychiatric disorders and addiction and an extended brief intervention for subjects without pathology. The profiles of the users were compared, and age-specific rates of AMP use were calculated. Results: Cannabis causes 89.9% of entries in the SOD. The proportion of IGP users with high risk criteria for cannabis is 13.3% and with risk for alcohol 11.3%, while in AMP it is 8.9%, and 4%. Criteria for substance dependence or abuse or another psychiatric disorder caused referral of 6% of AMP users and 38% of IGP users. Conclusions: Adolescents in the AMP had a pattern of cannabis use (and often of alcohol) of low or moderate risk, compared to IGP. Beyond the value of the indicated prevention intervention, the programmes facilitate the early detection and referral of problematic substance use and mental disorders in early stages.

Palabras llave : Program development; Prevention; Cannabis; Alcohol; Program evaluation; Adolescent.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español