Revista Española de Salud Pública
Print version ISSN 1135-5727
RIGUEIRA GARCIA, Ana Isabel. Recommendations on vitamin D and calcium supplements for adults in Spain. Rev. Esp. Salud Publica [online]. 2012, vol.86, n.5, pp. 461-482. ISSN 1135-5727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1135-57272012000500002.
Background: Calcium supplements and vitamin D are involved in current debates of health, as cardiovascular safety of calcium, and correction of vitamin levels. The aim is to review the possibilities of making better use of supplements marketed in Spain, depending on their availability, information and related epidemiology. Methods: Analysis of comercial offer and available information about pharmacological aspects of Spanish medicinal supplements in data-sheets (39), guides and reports current institutional and professional, with additional search of this information and epidemiological data related Spanish in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ®, PubMed ® (tool "Clinical Queries"), Dialnet database and hand search of Spanish journals directly related. Results: There is no uniformity in terms of indication, expression of content, dosages, precautions and safety in data sheets or technical reports. The literature search found more recent publications volume for vitamin D than calcium, No evidence was found to establish appropriate dosing regimens indisputable or universal, or cholecalciferol bioavailability tests with aqueous vehiculización. In Spain nutritional situation is found generally suitable for the calcium but a status mostly unsuitable for vitamin D with several references for insufficiency and vitamin deficiency in adults. Corrective treatments primarily affect calcium supplements. Conclusions: There is an ample supply of calcium and vitamin D in Spain, whose drug design should rethink because don't respond to the needs identified or correction possibilities currently recommended. It should also improve and update their information, with particular interest in health status related to hypovitaminosis D.
Keywords : Vitamin D; Cholecalciferol; Calcium; Adult; Dietary supplements; Nutrition disorders; Spain.