Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
versão impressa ISSN 1413-8123
MOREIRA, Josino C. et al. Integrated evaluation of the health impact of pesticide use in a community at Nova Friburgo, RJ. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2002, vol.7, n.2, pp. 299-311. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232002000200010.
Environmental and human difficulties caused by pesticides used in agriculture are important health issues worldwide, specially in the developing countries. Pesticide consumption in Southeast Brazil is estimated in 12kg/worker/year. In the São Lourenço Valley, Rio de Janeiro State, pesticide consumption is estimated at some 56kg/worker/year. High levels of human and environmental contamination caused by these products were found in the area. Many factors were shown as determinants of this situation, such as: pesticides with different formulations used with insufficient or even non-existent supervision or technical advice; intensive marketing activities place the responsibility for correct use and disposal of these chemicals on farm workers with low education levels typical of rural areas in Brazil, resulting in widespread human and environmental contamination. The evaluation of those loosely inter-related factors help shape the current situation in the São Lourenço Valley, indicating that the only way to really understand and assess the problem as a whole is through an integrative (transdisciplinary) approach.
Palavras-chave : Environmental and human contamination by pesticides; Risk assessment; Worker's health.