Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
SCHRAMM, Joyce Mendes de Andrade et al. Epidemiological transition and the study of burden of disease in Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2004, vol.9, n.4, pp. 897-908. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232004000400011.
In Brazil, the epidemiological transition has not followed the model experienced by most developed countries. There is coexistence of old and new health problems, where despite the predominance of the chronical and degenerative diseases, the communicable ones still play an important role. In this study the differentials in relation to the epidemiological pattern are described not only for the country as a whole, but also for its major regions, using the Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY), the health indicator of the studies of burden of disease. Amongst the main results found we stand out that the group of chronical and degenerative diseases is responsible for 66,3% of the national burden of disease; 23,5% are responded by the communicable diseases, perinatal and maternal conditions and nutritional deficiencies; and 10,2% is due to the injuries. The use of DALY permits the identification of health priorities based on the epidemiological profile, making easier the process of decision make and the use of resources by the managers.
Keywords : Epidemiological transition; Burden of disease; DALY; Non-communicable diseases.