Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
CASTRO, Jane S. Maia and CONFALONIERI, Ulisses. Pesticide use in Cachoeiras de Macacu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.2, pp. 473-482. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232005000200025.
It was surveyed the use of pesticides in 40 rural properties in the municipality of Cachoeiras de Macacu, State of Rio de Janeiro, in 1997. The collection of data in the field was done through the use of questionnaires with rural workers as well as through interviews with authorities. The survey showed that 22,5% of the farm workers have suffered chemical intoxication. The most common agrochemical products in the region are the insecticide Decis 25 CE (highly toxic), and the herbicide Gramoxone (extremely toxic). We also found that 85% of the farm workers do not use Individual Protection Equipment (IPE). Other preoccupying statistics were: 27,5% of the empty agrochemical containers are simply thrown into the rivers or into the bush; 60% of the farm workers have had no training whatsoever in manipulation of the agrochemical products; and, 85% of those interviewed said that they were able to buy the agrochemical products without an agronomic prescription. As to the perception of the risks involved in manipulating agrochemicals, we identified three major categories: 70% are aware of the danger, but continue regardless; 27% are unaware of the risks; are, 3%, being aware of risks, have stopped using toxic agrochemicals.
Keywords : Use of pesticides; Public health; Rural workers; Risk perception.