Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
TRAVASSOS, Claudia; OLIVEIRA, Evangelina X. G. de and VIACAVA, Francisco. Geographic and social inequalities in the access to health services in Brazil: 1998 and 2003. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2006, vol.11, n.4, pp.975-986. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000400019.
The objective of this study was to evaluate geographical and social inequalities prevailing in Brazil in 2003 and to compare these data to the pattern of 1998, using data from the national household surveys of 1998 and 2003. The population under study involved children and adults living in urban areas, who referred activity restrictions in the last 15 days. The dependent variable was actual use of health services in the 15 days preceding the interviews. Use of services was controlled by age and sex and included per capita family income, years of schooling and geographical areas regions and states. The results confirm the pattern of social and geographical inequalities in the access to health services in Brazil. This is true for children and adults. There was a slight decrease in social inequalities as refers to access, but the geographical disparities increased in the course of the studied period. In 2003, the Southern region, one of the most developed in the country, presented an extremely high degree of social inequalities and the state of Rio Grande do Sul stands out for the magnitude of social inequalities in the access to health services. The PNAD sample presents limitations for equity studies in the use of health services at state level.
Keywords : Equity; Access; Utilization; Supply; PNAD.