Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GUEDES, Carla Ribeiro; NOGUEIRA, Maria Inês and CAMARGO JR., Kenneth R. de. Subjectivity as anomaly: epistemological contributions for a criticism of the biomedical model. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2006, vol.11, n.4, pp. 1093-1103. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000400030.
The purpose of this paper is to open a discussion on biomedicine focused on a reflection about the role subjective phenomena related to the experience of illness are playing in that model. We use epistemology as our main analytic tool, with emphasis to the work of Thomas Kuhn and his ideas of paradigm and anomaly and the contributions of Ludwik Fleck and his concepts of exceptions to theories and the persistence of thought styles. We believe that the reflections presented here can become a fundamental and suitable exercise for improving/transforming the biomedical paradigm, principally in view of the high degree of subjectivity involved in the medical practice.
Keywords : Biomedicine; Subjectivity; Epistemology; Paradigm; Anomaly.