Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
FRANCO, Saúl et al. The effects of the armed conflict on the life and health in Colombia. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2006, vol.11, suppl., pp. 1247-1258. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000500014.
This article is an approach to the consequences of the internal armed conflict that Colombia has lived during the last four decades. It starts with the identification of the conflict's context and its current characteristics. It then focuses on the different manifestations and consequences of the conflict and on their deep impact on the life, quality of life, health,disease, and health services of the population. In special we refer to the high homicide rates, forced internal displacement, kidnapping and the use of antipersonnel mines. Among the most affected groups are young men, women, children, and ethnic minorities such as indigenous and afro-american people. This analysis also refers to the frequent violations of International Human Rights and to the negative impact of violence on the provision of health services. Finally, general conclusions are drawn, and alternatives for studies on the problem and for possible solutions from the standpoint of the health sector are proposed.
Keywords : Violence in Colombia; External causes; Internal armed conflict; Health services.