Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
SOUZA, Edinilsa Ramos de; MINAYO, Maria Cecília de Souza and CAVALCANTE, Fátima Gonçalves. The impact of suicide on morbidity and mortality in the population of Itabira. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2006, vol.11, suppl., pp. 1333-1342. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232006000500022.
The suicide rates in Itabira, a city, with 100, 000 inhabitants, are higher than those of the Brazilian population in general. To understand this phenomenon we investigated morbidity and mortality in this population through a descriptive epidemiological study, with emphasis to external causes and specific subgroups. Suicide was studied according to the characteristics of victims and events. The period under study was 1990-2001. Mortality data were collected from the Mortality Information System (MIS) and morbidity data for the year 2000 from the Hospital Admission Authorization System (HAA). An active data search on suicide over the period 1996- 2001 based on sex, age and occupation of the victim, month of occurrence and method used in completed and attempted suicides was conducted at the local notary's office and at the state police headquarters. Based on these data we calculated proportions, rates and mean values. The populations used for calculating the rates were extracted from the Datasus base. Results indicated an increasing tendency to suicide among men, coinciding with the economical crisis caused by the reorganization of the iron production process in this mono-industrial city. Suicide attempts were more frequent among housewives, housekeepers and students. The mostly used methods were hanging and firearms. Relevant means used in suicide attempts were nonmedicinal substances, drugs and medicaments.
Keywords : Morbidity and mortality; External causes; Suicide; Attempted suicide.