Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
FARIA, Neice Müller Xavier; FASSA, Anaclaudia Gastal and FACCHINI, Luiz Augusto. Pesticides poisoning in Brazil: the official notification system and challenges to conducting epidemiological studies. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.1, pp.25-38. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232007000100008.
Brazil is one of the world leaders in pesticide consumption and exposed workers are numerous and diversified. Acute poisonings are just the most visible aspect of pesticide impact on human health. An assessment of many official information systems that notify pesticide poisoning concluded that none of them performed appropriately the role of a surveillance system. Only acute and severe cases are notified. One of the main gaps concerns exposure information: the only official source (the Agronomic Prescriptions) has many limitations and is not available for research. A review of published articles in Brazil shows a quantitative and qualitative increase of studies in this area with many different approaches. The impact of such a high chemical burden and the huge numbers of workers exposed are two important reasons for the development of an epidemiological research on pesticide poisoning, an issue that has still a vast field to cover in Brazil.
Keywords : Pesticides; Surveillance system; Occupational health.