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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva

Print version ISSN 1413-8123

Abstract

VECINA NETO, Gonzalo  and  MALIK, Ana Maria. Trends in hospital care. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2007, vol.12, n.4, pp. 825-839. ISSN 1413-8123.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232007000400002.

This paper analyses trends in the delivery of hospital services in Brazil, considering the setting, the current situation and its challenges, examining what still remains to be done. The variables studied for the analysis of the setting are: demography, epidemiological profile, human resources, technology, medicalization, costs, review of the role of the citizen, legislation, equity, hospital-centricity and regionalization, care fractioning and bed availability. The Brazilian setting was studied through the supplementary healthcare model, financing and the healthcare area production chain. The observations of the current situation present external evaluation models, outsourcing, public-private relationships, de-hospitalization and financing. The analysis of the challenges examines the need for long range planning, the quest for new legal models for the 'business', the use of information and information systems, cost controls and the need for enhanced efficiency and compliance with legal directives, guaranteed universal access to full healthcare facilities, the inclusion of primary prevention in healthcare procedures, integrating the public and private sectors and engaging physicians in solving problems.

Keywords : Hospital management; Trends in hospital care.

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