Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BACHILLI, Rosane Guimarães; SCAVASSA, Ailton José and SPIRI, Wilza Carla. The identity of the community healthcare agent: a phenomenological approach. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.1, pp. 51-60. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000100010.
The structure of Brazil's National Health System (SUS) is being firmed up through programs adding a new element to its multi-professional healthcare teams: Community Healthcare Agents. This study examines psycho-social factors that are significant for the construction of this identity, from the standpoint of these Community Healthcare Agents, using the hermeneutic phenomenology of Paul Ricoeur as its reference methodology. The subjects of this survey were seven Community Healthcare Agents who were asked during interviews (with informed consent and after approval by the Research Ethics Committee) to: 'Tell me about your experience as Community Healthcare Agent'. The analysis of their replies indicated the following topics: previous experience; capacity-building for the job; bonding; building up expertise; gratifying experience; feelings of power(lessness); communications; daily work routines, personal growth; criticisms of the institution; user-agent experiences; and insertion into the social reality. The overall analysis disclosed the phenomenon through the convergence and divergence of the grouping of these topics, viewed from the standpoint of these Community Healthcare Agents and the psycho-social aspects constructing their identity.
Keywords : Identity; Community Healthcare Agent; Family Health Program; Phenomenology.