Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GUERRIERO, Iara Coelho Zito and DALLARI, Sueli Gandolfi. The need for adequate ethical guidelines for qualitative health research. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.2, pp.303-311. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000200002.
This paper discusses adequacy as to the application of Brazilian guidelines, Resolution 196/961 and complementaries to qualitative health researches, considering that these are based on non-positivistic paradigms. Frequently, decisions about the research are made together with the studied community. There is a concern with justice and social change. And, since subjectivity can be considered their privileged instrument, such researchers seek a balance between objectivity and subjectivity, discussing how to overcome the researcher's view. We have studied the application and the concept of research found in international and in the Brazilian guidelines. We have noticed that they adopt a positivist conception of research, which establishes 1) the hypothesis test, 2) that all procedures are previously defined by the researcher; 3) neutrality of the researcher and of the knowledge produced. We will present some characteristics of qualitative research; the ethical implications in the way as qualitative research is conceived in non-positivist paradigms and a brief history of these guidelines. Our conclusion: it is inadequate to analyze qualitative researches using these documents, and we suggest the design of specific guidelines for them.
Keywords : Ethics in research; Qualitative research; Health services research; Ethics in research in Human and Social Sciences; Bioethics.