Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
GRIGOLETTO, Jamyle Calencio et al. Occupational risk due to use of mercury in dentistry: a bibliographic review. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.2, pp.533-542. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000200029.
The aim of this study is to present data concerning hazardous waste management in the health area, with emphasis to the utilization of mercury in dentistry. The study was based on a bibliographic review regarding the use of mercury in dental fillings and its potential toxicological risks for patients and due to occupational exposure. The studies also take into consideration national and international recommendations on the use of mercury and its occupational exposure limits. The review of the literature reveals the potential toxic effects of mercury both on the environment and on human health. Given that the use of dental amalgam is still very frequent in dentistry, there is a need for safety regulations in order to minimize the risks posed by dental amalgam in dentistry proceedings based on technical guidelines for its use, discard and final disposal.
Keywords : Amalgam; Mercury; Dentistry; Public health.