Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
KAHN, Sérgio et al. Evaluating the existence of oral infection control in patients admitted in state hospitals in Rio de Janeiro. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.6, pp.1825-1831. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000600017.
The aim of the present study is to ascertain whether an oral infection control protocol is being used in Rio de Janeiro State hospitals. Sixty two hospitals, both public and private have been surveyed. When asked whether any procedure was being adopted with admitted patients (in case of ICU patients), 39% of the hospitals responded positively. Among all institutions surveyed, only 15% conduct a regular plaque control protocol in admitted patients. Studies have shown that there is an inter-relationship between periodontal disease and systemic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, preterm births and low birthweight, diabetes and respiratory diseases. The oral cavity is considered a potent reservoir of respiratory pathogens. Based on these findings, it has become evident that oral hygiene is an important means of preventing a number of diseases. Thus the need arises not only to create an oral cavity infection control protocol that will contribute to reduce mortality in admitted patients but also to propose preventive measures towards this end.
Keywords : Systemic diseases; Respiratory infection; Infection control; Bacterial plaque; Biofilm; Pneumonia.