Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
MACHADO, Fernanda Campos; SOUZA, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de; TURA, Luiz Fernando Rangel and CASTRO, Glória Fernanda. Adherence to an oral health program for HIV infected children and adolescents and the attitudes of their caretakers. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2008, vol.13, n.6, pp.1851-1857. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232008000600020.
This study aimed to evaluate the adherence to an Oral Health Program (OHP) for HIV infected children and adolescents, as well as the attitudes of their caretakers regarding oral care. A total of 58 caretakers that accompany the children in medical appointments at an AIDS ambulatory were interviewed for collecting personal data and data regarding adherence to the OHP or other odontological treatment and attitudes related to oral care. Approximately 70% of the caretakers stated that their children participated in the OHAP, however 20% of them did not return to the recall appointments; such visits were even less frequent when the caretakers were not the parents themselves (p= 0.036). The adherence of this population to dental treatment outside the OHP was small, 48% of the caretakers stated that the child did not conclude the treatment when referred to another place for treatment. The attitude of the caretakers regarding dental care of HIV+ children was not considered satisfactory. Furthermore, it is very important to have pediatric dentists in the multi-professional teams that attend HIV+ children and adolescents and to promote this program among the parents and all medical teams involved with such patients.
Keywords : HIV; Oral health; Patient participation; Attitude towards health; Children.