Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
AVANCI, Joviana; ASSIS, Simone; OLIVEIRA, Raquel and PIRES, Thiago. When living with violence brings a child close to depressive behavior. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.2, pp. 383-394. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000200008.
The present study investigates the relation between withdrawn/depressive behavior of schoolchildren and presence/absence of violence experienced at home, at school and in the community. This descriptive cross-sectional study is based on data from a sample of 479 schoolchildren between 6-13 years of age, attending the first grade in the public elementary schools of a city of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2005. The multi-stage cluster sampling strategy involved three selection stages with 50% proportion, 98% confidence level and relative error of 5%. Socio-demographic variables of the child and the family, the withdrawal/depression sub-scale (CBCL), Conflict Tactics Scale and school and community violence scale are investigated. Multivariate Correspondence Analysis indicates that the different violence victimizations tend to be closer to clinical and borderline withdrawn/depressive behavior. Programs and public policies must address the life circumstances of the child, with focus on interventions in mental health problems, violence and victimization in order to interrupt the cycle of re-victimization through violence and its consequences.
Keywords : Depression; Violence; Child.