Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
ENES, Carla Cristina and SILVA, Marina Vieira da. Energy and nutrients disposal in residences: the contrast between north and south regions of Brazil. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.4, pp. 1267-1276. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000400033.
This study was proposed to analyze the domiciliary energy disposal, the relative participation of macronutrients in the Total Energy Value (VET) and the contribution of different food groups in the disposal energy in residences of the North and South regions of Brazil according to the monthly family income. It was used the micro data of the Family Budget Research - POF related to the period of 2002/2003 which was carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE. The nutritional analyses were made by using the Virtual Nutri software. The multiple linear regression test was used to capture the income effect over energy and nutrients disposal. There is a reciprocal and inverse relation between the carbohydrates participation in the VET and the family income. The participation of lipids to the VET presented a growth tendency, according to the income increase. Regarding the participation of various food groups in the VET, the energetic contribution of fruits, greens and vegetables was outstandingly reduced to the almost entire family groupings. It was identified the undesirable contribution of sweets, simpler carbohydrates and soft drinks, which was considered excessive to the disposable VET.
Keywords : Food consumption; Nutritional disposal; Family income; Food security.