Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BARCINSKI, Mariana. Gender centrality in the process of identity construction of women involved in drug trafficking. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.5, pp.1843-1853. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000500026.
The present article aims to discuss the specificities of crimes perpetrated by women, especially the female participation in drug trafficking in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In addition to that, it intends to distinguish female from male criminality. The study is based on reflections made through interviews conducted with eight women presenting a history of involvement in drug trafficking in the slums of Rio de Janeiro. Through a systemic discursive approach1, the analysis investigates the micro and macro elements involved in the process of the construction of the participants' identity. Results show that women's motivations to enter, remain and drop drug trafficking are in great part determined by gender, which along with color and class shapes the roles performed and the places occupied by men and women in society.
Keywords : Violence; Gender; Criminality; Drug trafficking; Discourse.