Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
PYRRHO, Monique; PRADO, Mauro Machado do; CORDON, Jorge and GARRAFA, Volnei. Bioethical analysis of the Brazilian Dentistry Code of Ethics. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.5, pp. 1911-1918. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000500033.
The Brazilian Dentistry Code of Ethics (DCE), Resolution CFO-71 from May 2006, is an instrument created to guide dentists' behavior in relation to the ethical aspects of professional practice. The purpose of the study is to analyze the above mentioned code comparing the deontological and bioethical focuses. In order to do so, an interpretative analysis of the code and of twelve selected texts was made. Six of the texts were about bioethics and six on deontology, and the analysis was made through the methodological classification of the context units, textual paragraphs and items from the code in the following categories: the referentials of bioethical principlism - autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice -, technical aspects and moral virtues related to the profession. Together the four principles represented 22.9%, 39.8% and 54.2% of the content of the DCE, of the deontological texts and of the bioethical texts respectively. In the DCE, 42% of the items referred to virtues, 40.2% were associated to technical aspects and just 22.9% referred to principles. The virtues related to the professionals and the technical aspects together amounted to 70.1% of the code. Instead of focusing on the patient as the subject of the process of oral health care, the DCE focuses on the professional, and it is predominantly turned to legalistic and corporate aspects.
Keywords : Dentistry code of ethics (DCE); Deontology; Bioethical principlism; Technical aspects; Moral virtues.