Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
FRANCA, Rosiléa Garcia and RUARO, Édina Cristina Rodrigues. Diagnosis of the final disposal of urban solid wastes in the region of the Association of the Cities at Alto Irani (AMAI), Santa Catarina State. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.6, pp.2191-2197. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000600026.
The aim of this study was to carry out diagnosis about the destination given to the urban solid wastes in AMAI-SC region, which has fourteen cities. It was applied questionnaires to the city halls, and visits to map active and inactive dumps, controlled and sanitary landfill. It was investigated: the existence of fences, monitoring and collecting of gas and leachate, if they were next to the superficial waters, the presence of animals or collectors. It was considered, also, the distance of houses and/or urban mass and information about selective collection. It was found twenty and seven inactive dumps, where eighteen had received treatment. It was detected precariousness in remediation of all inactive dumps, because a single covering with land is not enough, therefore the material put there, keeps polluting through the production of lard and methane gas. Nowadays, all AMAI cities put their urban solid wastes in sanitary landfill found in Xanxerê and Xaxim. Among the fourteen cities, only one has selective collection, and in a precarious way, what reduces the useful life time of landfill, beyond being harmful to the environment. It is collected 54.15 tons/day of wastes, which sums 0.610 g/hab.day of waste, costing R$ 1.78 to the public coffers monthly.
Keywords : Solid wastes; Active and inactive dumps; Sanitary landfill; Selective waste collection .