Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
MACIEL, Ethel Leonor Noia et al. Knowledge about tuberculosis by doctors and nurses, who work in the Family Health Strategy in the city of Vitória, Espírito Santo State: a cross-sectional study. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2009, vol.14, suppl.1, pp.1395-1402. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232009000800012.
Brazil is in 14th among the 23 countries responsible for 80% of the tuberculosis (TB) cases in the world. Aiming to understand the maintenance of these indexes, this study was developed to identify if the knowledge about tuberculosis by doctors and nurses, who work in the Family Health Strategy in the city of Vitória (ES), would be a factor in the mediation of the prevention processes, diagnosis and treatment of the Tuberculosis. This is a cross-sectional study, with a sample size of 50 professionals. The collected data had been analyzed using the Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests with significance level of 0.05. Regarding the transmission and diagnosis of the Tuberculosis, there was no statistically significant difference between doctors and nurses. Only one variable presented a statistical difference: 41% of doctors and 15% of the nurses (p<0,05) mentioned that the patient must be attended in a place of choice of the doctor or nurse, and still, 4% of the total of the sample had answered that the supervision cannot be made by a member of the family. The research proves that doctors and nurses has knowledge to reduce the indexes of Tuberculosis, even so is indispensable the continuous study and qualification of these professionals.
Keywords : Tuberculosis (TB); Treatment; Doctors; Nurses; Knowledge; Family health strategy.