Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
CASEMIRO, Juliana Pereira; VALLA, Victor Vincent and GUIMARAES, Maria Beatriz Lisboa. The human right to adequate food: an urban vision. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.4, pp.2085-2093. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000400022.
The human right to adequate food is comprehended in two dimensions: being free of hunger and denutrition and having access to an adequate food. The urban context, in which the possession of food is done primarily through merchandising because of its strong consuming appealing, became a big challenge to debate this topic in poor districts today. Here we combine considerations of a qualitative study carried out in São João de Meriti, Rio de Janeiro State, joining leaders from Pastoral da Criança in focal group sessions. The unemployment, the sub-employment and the difficulty in reaching the public health system, the social assistance and basic sanitation were presented as the major obstacles to bring into effect the human right to food. It was possible to determine that, among the strategies to fight the poverty and hunger, a big highlight is the establishment of mutual help mechanisms. The social support, generosity and religiousness were presented as the most important categories among the thoughts of the leaders. Facing a reality in which poverty and hunger appear as something inherent or become a mechanism of change during elections, the issue of the clienteles appears as a huge concern and challenge for those leaders.
Keywords : Human right to adequate food; Popular participation; Pastoral da Criança; Hunger.