Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
NUNES, Daniella Pires et al. Functional capacity, socioeconomic conditions and of health of elderly assisted by Family Health teams in Goiania (GO, Brazil). Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.6, pp. 2887-2898. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000600026.
The population ageing is a challenge for health professionals. This study seek to evaluate the functional capacity and to identify the factors associated to the dependence for the activities of daily life (ADL) and activities instrumental of daily life (AIDL), and also to describe the socioeconomic, demographic and health profile of the elderly. A transverse study was carried out with seniors assisted by Family Health teams of the District East Sanitary of Goiania (GO). A questionnaire was applied to obtain socioeconomic and demographic date, factors related to the health and scales of the functional evaluation. For analyses it was used Square-Qui Test considering the level of significance of 5%. The sample was composed by 388 elderly, 57,5% with age varying from 60 to 69 years, 58,5% female, 39,7% illiterate, 77,3% with income < 2 minimum wages and 70,9% bearers of chronic diseases. It was verified that 34,8% needed help in one or more ADL and 60,6% in AIDL. The factors more frequently associated at dependence in both activities were: balance and mobility debilitated, depression, cognitive deficit and age > 80 years. These results denote that the elderly are living aging characterized by comorbidities and dependence to accomplish daily activities.
Keywords : Aged; Family Health; Daily activities; Independence; Autonomy.