Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
CARNELOSSO, Maria Lúcia et al. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in the east region of Goiânia, Goiás State. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, suppl.1, pp. 1073-1080. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000700014.
Aiming to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population of the Eastern Region of Goiania, Goiás, a transversal study was done involving 3.275 individuals, men and women, aging 15 years and up. Data was collected through home visits for identification and information on living habits, measures blood pressure, anthropometry, and blood collection for identifying dyslipidemias. The variables investigated were: weight, height, blood pressure, physical activity, use of tobacco, cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose. Estimated prevalence at intervals of 95% confidence, differences in proportions assessed using chi-square test and values (p <0,05) considered statistically significant. The study showed that 33,4% of subjects had hypertension, 44.1% overweight/obesity, 16.2% used tobacco regular/occasionally; 72.5% in sedentary leisure and 70% at work, 48.4% with the waist circumference increased; 8.2% hyperglycemia plus impaired glucose tolerance; 44.4% hypercholesterolemia, 13.3% and high triglycerides. High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors were observed in the study population suggesting greater attention of the authorities in the actions of promotion and prevention of these diseases.
Keywords : Cardiovascular diseases; Risk factors; Epidemiology; Prevalence.