Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
HESPANHOL, Fernando Luiz et al. Buccal manifestations in patients submitted to chemotherapy. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, suppl.1, pp. 1085-1094. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000700016.
Several changes in the oral cavity due to chemotherapy can be observed and can lead to important systemic complications, increasing the time of the patient in hospital and the costs of the treatment as well as affect the quality of life of the patients. The aim of this study was to assess the oral manifestation in patients treated with chemoterapy according to sex, age and tumor type. Data was collected in an oncology hospital in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais State, from patients' records that were submitted to oncologic treatment. It was possible to verify that mucositis, associated or not to other type of lesions, was the most common lesion in both sex of all ages (15.5%). Xerostomia and other lesions, such as Candida infection and aphthous lesions, were also present. It is possible to improve the quality of life of the patient during and after anti-neoplastic therapies through a protocol of odontological assistance that includes changes of the oral environment previous to chemotherapy such as profilaxis, caries removal, treatment of periodontal and periapical lesions, oral hygiene instructions, diet orientation and laser therapy. It is very important the insertion of the dentist in the oncologic medical team for the early diagnosis of the oral manifestation and follow-up during treatment time.
Keywords : Oncologic patients; Chemotherapy; Oral manifestations.