Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BRAGA, Ludmila Candida de; CARVALHO, Lidia Raquel de and BINDER, Maria Cecília Pereira. Working conditions and common mental disorder among primary health care workers from Botucatu, São Paulo State. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, suppl.1, pp.1585-1596. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000700070.
Common mental disorders (CMD) present high prevalence among general populations and workers with important individual and social consequences. This cross-sectional and descriptive study explores the relationship between psychological job demands, job control degree and job support and prevalence of CMD among primary health care workers of Botucatu - SP. The data collection was carried out using an unidentified self-administered questionnaire, with emphasis on items relating to demand-control-support situation and occurrence of CMD (Self Reporting Questionnaire, SRQ-20). The data were stored using the software Excel / Office XP 2003, and the statistical analyses were performed in SAS system. It was evidenced that 42.6% of primary health care workers presented CMD. The observed association - high prevalence of CMD with high-strain job (Karasek model) and low prevalence of CMD with low-strain job - indicates that, in the studied city, primary health care work conditions are contributive factors to workers' illness. The survey reveals the need of interventions aiming at caring the workers and also gets better work conditions and increase social support at work.
Keywords : Primary health care; Demand-control model; Occupational health; Mental health; Mental disorders.