Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
DE SETA, Marismary Horsth; O'DWYER, Gisele; HENRIQUES, Patrícia and SALES, Gizene Luciana Pereira de. Nutritional care in public hospitals of four Brazilian states: contributions of health evaluation to health surveillance services. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2010, vol.15, suppl.3, pp. 3413-3422. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232010000900016.
Considering the importance of nutritional care for the quality of care provided to hospitalized patients, the study aims to assess health care in eight public hospitals that have received support from QualiSUS in four Brazilian states. There were semi-structured interviews with nutritionists, direct observation and review of 219 records of patients admitted to the medical clinics. The findings suggest weaknesses in the hospital nutritional care, poor integration between the production of food and nutritional care in the surveyed hospitals, in addition to structural deficiencies. We highlight problems related to the nutritional care process, including its documentation. In 93% of the records there were no records on the nutritional status on admission, or nutritional assessment of patients in nutritional therapy. It was observed that the assessment made by the health surveillance in routine inspections, focusing on the verification of compliance and structural aspects, does not include the detection of a possible nutritional risk for the patient. We suggest the inclusion of other criteria and strategies for surveillance, among them a review of open medical records.
Keywords : Nutritional care; Health evaluation; Review of medical records; Health surveillance; Inspection; Hospitals.