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Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
FREITAS, Ivani Bueno de Almeida; MENEGHEL, Stela Nazareth and SELLI, Lucilda. The construction of care by the health team and the caretaker within a home-care program for bedridden patients in Porto Alegre (RS, Brazil). Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.1, pp.301-310. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000100032.
The main objective of this case study was to understand the construction of care in the Homecare Program for Bedridden Patients (PADA) of a basic health unit (UBS) in Porto Alegre, RS. Data were obtained from 13 caretaker groups in the UBS, and participating observation recorded in field diary in the patient's homes. An analysis of the discourse practices was performed inspired in Foucault's discourse concepts speeches and in studies on ethics and self-care. In the groups, the caretaker occupied a space that we metaphorically called the Delphic Oracle, a place for acceptance, listening and support. Hearing the dialogues that took place between the team and the caretakers made us face the contradiction present in the institutional discourse, which both stimulates self-care, and imposes rules, duties, tasks. Care as a citizenship right opposite to care as submission and subjugation created tension inside the group several times. Foucault's notion of care comprises a synthesis of the exercise of a person over his- or herself, making him or her better as a human being and, at the same time, capacitating him or her to become a better citizen
Keywords : Home-care Program; Elderly; Care.