Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
WAGNER, Luciane Carniel; RUNTE GEIDEL, Ariadne; TORRES-GONZALEZ, Francisco and KING, Michael Bruce. Mental health care: perceptions of people with schizophrenia and their carers. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.4, pp. 2077-2087. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000400007.
The current study aims to discover the opinions of patients and their (informal and formal) carers concerning the mental health care of individuals with long term schizophrenic disorders within different contexts and cultures. It's a qualitative study with focus groups,in which 6 research centers (from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Spain, England and Venezuela) participated. Eight focus groups were conducted in each center, totaling 303 individuals in 46 groups. The data were analyzed with the aid of the Qualitative Solutions and Research/Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing program (QSR NUD*IST 4.0). The perception regarding the quality of care is influenced by the professional-patient relationship and the availability of resources. Poor quality of care is also perceived as discrimination. People with schizophrenia in general consider themselves to be ostracized by professionals and services and lacking in more humanized care. In the contexts in which community care is less advanced, the complaints center on resources and services that do not meet demands. On the other hand, in more developed contexts criticism centers more on the attitude of the professionals and the professionalpatient relationship. Over and above the need for resources and services, people with schizophrenia require more humanized health care.
Keywords : Mental health care; Schizophrenia; Stigma.