Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
On-line version ISSN 1678-4561Print version ISSN 1413-8123
PINHO, Leandro Barbosa de and KANTORSKI, Luciane Prado. Psychiatric care in the Brazilian context. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.4, pp.2107-2114. ISSN 1678-4561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000400010.
This study seeks to present an updated discussion concerning psychiatric care in Brazil. It is based upon a historical review of psychiatric knowledge and practices within the Brazilian context and knowledge about the phenomenon of madness. It discusses the appearance of modern medical science as an area of knowledge designed for the treatment and comprehension of mental suffering. It also presents a discussion on psychiatric reform, stressing how it is a movement that seeks to redefine the significance of knowledge and practices about the phenomenon of madness, by concentrating on the application of such knowledge and practices in the psychiatric hospital. This paper concludes with a brief critical reflection on prevailing mental healthcare in Brazil, singling out the potential and the difficulties faced within the scope of health policies and the day-to-day working life of professionals of the area.
Keywords : Mental health; Health services; Community mental healthcare services.