Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BASTOS, Augusto Amorim; COSTA, Ediná Alves and CASTRO, Lia Lusitana Cardozo de. Work in health: sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (state of Bahia, Brazil). Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.5, pp. 2391-2400. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000500008.
A drugstore is an establishment of interest in health, from which medication is dispensed, namely the therapeutic technology most broadly used in the practice of medicine. The scope of this study is to describe and analyze the sanitary surveillance of drugstores. Based on the theory of working processes in healthcare, a case study was conducted on the sanitary surveillance of drugstores in Salvador (Bahia, Brazil), examining 2 analytical categories: agents and activities. Data were collected through observation, analysis of documents and interviews, and QSR N Vivo software was used for data processing. Personnel of the surveillance service were found to have varied professional and educational backgrounds, with limited experience in the sanitary surveillance of drugstores, and insufficient technical training for the performance of the tasks assigned. Deficiencies of a managerial nature were detected in the service. Its operation is primarily focused on granting drugstore licenses, prioritizing attendance to spontaneous demand, thereby configuring a technological model of intervention based on sanitary inspection. The findings revealed a need for updating the service and the adoption of technologies to enhance control of risk, given that technological evolution provides drugs that are increasingly more potent, with a concomitant rise in levels risk.
Keywords : Sanitary surveillance; Medication; Drugstores; Work in health.