Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
FERREIRA, Dennis de Carvalho et al. Validation study of a scale of life quality evaluation in a group of pediatric patients infected by HIV. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.5, pp.2643-2652. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000500034.
With the advent of potent antiretroviral therapy and the increase in life expectancy of pediatric patients infected with HIV, the quest for the promotion of enhanced quality of life should currently be the main focus in care of children with HIV/Aids. The scope of this study was to validate the Scale of Children's Quality of Life in a group of children infected with HIV receiving clinical care in Aids Service Units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This scale consists of 26 questions and was tested on 100 children, with ages varying between 4 and 12, and their respective parents or guardians. Statistical analysis was conducted using canonical correlation and confidence interval analysis and the c2 test. The results showed that the cut-off point obtained was 49; the internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha was 0.73 for the children and 0.67 for parents or guardians. The response profile revealed marked satisfaction with aspects such as vacations and birthdays, though less satisfaction with items including hospitalization and playing alone. The conclusion was that the scale revealed satisfactory psychometric measurements, proving to be a reliable, consistent, valid and recommended instrument for measuring the quality of life of children infected with HIV.
Keywords : Quality of life; Children; HIV infection; Self-questionnaire; Validation.