Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
PORTO, Maria Anunciada Leal; OLIVEIRA, Amanda de Morais; FAI, Ana Elizabeth Cavalcante and STAMFORD, Tânia Lúcia Montenegro. Coliforms in the water supply of fast-food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil). Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.5, pp. 2653-2658. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000500035.
A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast-food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil) and Metropolitan Area and to compare the results to the standards established by Brazilian Health Ministry decree nº 518/2004. Every month, a double sample from one of the faucets in the food preparation area of the eight stores investigated was analyzed, totaling 96 samples over one year. The analyses followed the established methodology of American Public Health Association (APHA), in order to conduct the Presence-Absence Test, considering the potability standard in pertinent legislation. Results revealed that 11.46% and 1.04% of samples contained water contaminated with total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms, respectively. The quality of the water in the food establishments studied is thus a health hazard since a significant percentage of samples analyzed were inappropriate for human consumption in accordance with current legislation, which stipulates the absence of total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms.
Keywords : Water; Fast-food; Total coliforms; Thermotolerant coliforms.