Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
SOJO, Ana. Conditions for universal access to health in Latin America: social rights, social protection and financial and political constraints. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.6, pp.2673-2685. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000600002.
After a brief review of the concept of health equity and its social and sectoral determinants, some macroeconomic aspects of health expenditure in Latin America are considered. Given the significant contemporary tensions with regard to social rights and the definition of health benefits, three emblematic experiences are analyzed in very different health systems, namely those of Chile, Colombia and Mexico. They cover different aspects, such as the guarantee of health benefits, the reduction of forms of implicit rationing and/or barriers to admission, and also aspects related to the quality of services.
Keywords : Health equity; Legal aspects; Right to health; Social protection; Latin America.