Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Print version ISSN 1413-8123
BASCOLO, Ernesto. Governance and political economy of PHC policies in Latin America. Ciênc. saúde coletiva [online]. 2011, vol.16, n.6, pp. 2763-2772. ISSN 1413-8123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232011000600015.
The development of implementation processes of PHC policies in Latin America, is a challenge yet to be tackled. It is necessary to acknowledge the political economy related to the implementation processes of PHC policies in Latin America from a governance perspective, characterized by the regulatory strategies used and the political processes. The promotion of social values, organizational policies or the introduction of new financial incentives are components of different forms of governance used in health system reforms. The institutional factors of social protection systems in Latin America are considered. Their potential, redistribution limitations and the political economy disputes of the reform strategies are explained by the conflict between the economic and related interests and values of the actors involved. This dynamic of the political process influences regulatory modes inherent in the processes of implementation of PHC policies. The State's governing capacity and levels of health system segmentation impinge on the effectiveness of reform strategies for resolving the conflicts in the policies implemented.
Keywords : Governance; Healthcare policies; Primary healthcare.